What is a Panic Disorder?
Symptoms of Anxiety, a serious condition that strikes without warning. It’s different from the usual fear to stressful situations.
Panic disorder is accompanied by a number of symptoms, including sudden attacks of fear and nervousness, sweating, and a racing heart. The fear response as a result of a panic attack is out of proportion to the situation at hand, which is, in most cases, not threatening.
A person with panic disorder will over time develop a constant fear of having another panic attack, which can affect his or her life negatively.
The exact cause is not fully known. However, research shows that the condition can result from a combination of factors, including environmental and biological factors.
Factors that may lead to anxiety condition includes:
–Abnormalities in the brain
Problems in regulating brain areas that control the ‘fight or flight’ response may lead to this disorder.
–Experiencing major stress in life
Major life transitions, including the death of a loved one, or stressful events in your life can trigger panic attacks.
These types of panic attacks can potentially recur.
It has been shown that panic disorder can sometimes run in families. The condition can be passed on to the offspring by one or both parents.
Symptoms of Panic attack can last for about ten minutes. They can be divided into two categories which are Physical and emotional symptoms.
-Increased blood pressure,
-Accelerated heart rate,
-Inability to sleep,
-Dizziness or feeling faint,
-Numbness or tingling in the fingers or toes,
-Hot flashes or chills,
-Feeling of tension
-Inability to focus
-Getting easily annoyed
-Failure to relax
-A fear that you are about to die or are losing control
A major symptom of panic disorder is the constant fear of having future panic attacks. This type of fear may cause you to avoid situations and places where an attack has occurred, or where you have a reason to believe an attack may occur.
How to treat Panic Disorder?
Using a combination of therapies which are:
- Psychotherapy: This is a type of counselling that deals with emotional response to mental illness.
- Relaxation techniques: Such as yoga.
- Cognitive behavioural therapy: This refers to a type of psychotherapy that can help you learn to recognise and change your thought patterns as well as behaviours that caused the troublesome feeling.
- Medications: Your doctor can prescribe anti-depressant drugs and anti-anxiety medications. In addition, using heart medications are helpful.